Farmer Suicides in Gujarat – Facts

Background

Recently, AAP claimed that 5,874 farmers committed suicide in Gujarat in last 10 years. The Gujarat government claims that only 1 farmer suicide in Gujarat was due to crop failure. The other suicides were not related to crop failures – they were due other reasons such as family issues. The farmers do not show a greater tendency to commit suicide than the general population.

The details

No. of farmers in Gujarat

There are 54.47 lakh cultivators and 68 lakh agricultural workers in Gujarat (2011 census). Thus,

Total no. As % of total population
Cultivators in Gujarat 5.447 million 9.0%
Cultivators + Agricultural labourers in Gujarat 5.447 + 6.8 million 20.3%

Farmer suicide statistics

NCRB classifies the suicides by employment categories. For Gujarat, the NCRB states that 564 people in the agricultural employment category committed suicide in 2012. 5,302 committed suicide during 2003-2012 (10-year period). 5,872 committed suicide during 2002-2012 (11-year period). Source: 1 2

Farmer suicides vs. non-farmer suicides

Source

State Farmer suicides as a % of total suicides
Maharashtra 23.50%
Andhra Pradesh 18.10%
Uttar Pradesh 16.80%
Karnataka 14.70%
Kerala 12.70%
Madhya Pradesh 12.00%
Assam 10.50%
Sikkim 10.50%
Haryana 9.80%
Jharkhand 9.00%
Bihar 9.00%
Arunachal Pradesh 8.50%
Gujarat 7.90%

Conclusion

Despite being 9% of the total population of Gujarat, the farmers constitute only 7.9% of those who have committed suicide. This is assuming that NCRB has not counted farm labourers under the employment category “farming”. If that’s the case, the condition is even better: despite being 20% of the population, those involved in agriculture in Gujarat form only 7.9% of the people who committed suicide.

Thus, there is a good possibility that the Gujarat government’s claim is right.

Note: Some AAP supporters will try to use above data to claim that everyone, not just farmers, in Gujarat is committing suicide. For such people, here is a list of states/UTs with the highest suicide rates (suicide/population) in India (Source: NCRB)

State/UT Suicide rate (2012)
Puducherry 36.8
Sikkim 29.1
Tamil Nadu 24.9
Kerala 24.3
Andaman & Nicobar 23.6
Tripura 23
Chhattisgarh 22.9
Karnataka 21.2
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 17.6
Mizoram 17
Andhra Pradesh 16.6
West Bengal 16.5
Goa 15.8
Maharashtra 14
Madhya Pradesh 13.3
Daman & Diu 12.6
Odisha 12.2
Gujarat 11.8

Author: ashishtilak

I am happy go lucky kinda person. Always smiling and making people smile. Luv every thing life has to offer. And, I am a software engg. too, working at a manufacturing company. See more about myself in my blogs.

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